ARTISTS - 19TH TO 20TH CENTURY AND BEYOND

 

 

The Golden Ratio, also know as the Golden Mean Proportion, the Golden Section, and the Divine Proportion is found in nature, architecture, science, mathematics, music and especially in this context, in art. The principle is inherent in the Octave, the Platonic Solids and the Fibonacci Numbers and finds expression in many works of art as triangles, pentagrams, spirals and Golden Rectangles, ever since the Renaissance and up to the present day.

 

Artists have used the proportion in both overt and subtle ways to lend harmony and balance to a painting or sculpture. Some choose a single Golden Rectangle or two adjoining ones as a support for their work, others divide the rectangle in countless creative ways. While some may have used the Golden Proportion quite unconsciously, others adhere to it exactingly, using compass and ruler.

 

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GIOVANNI SEGANTINI

Switzerland - 1858-1899

VINCENT VAN GOGH

Holland/Europe - 1853-1890

GEORGES SEURAT

France - 1859-1891

HILMA AF KLINT

Sweden - 1862-1944

PAUL SERUSIER

France - 1864-1927

WASSILY KANDINSKY

Russia/Germany - 1866-1944

FRANK KUPKA

Czechoslovakia/France - 1871-1957

PIET MONDRIAN

Holland/US - 1872-1944

PAUL KLEE

Switzerland - 1879-1940

PABLO PICASSO

Spain - 1881-1973

ROBERT DELAUNAY

France - 1885-1941

JUAN GRIS

Spain - 1887-1927

KURT SCHWITTERS

Germany - 1887-1948

JOHANNES ITTEN

Switzerland - 1888-1967

SOPHIE TAEUBER ARP

Switzerland - 1889-1943

MARK TOBEY

United States - 1890-1967

EMMA KUNZ

Switzerland - 1892-1963

GUNTA STOELZL

Germany - 1897-1983

KATARZYNA KOBRO

Poland 1898 - 1951

LUCIO FONTANA

Italy - 1899-1968

ANNI ALBERS

Germany/United States - 1899-1994

MARK ROTHKO

Russia/United States - 1903-1970

GEORGES FOLMER

France - 1895-1977

ALFRED JENSEN

Guatemala/United States - 1903-1981

TONY SMITH

United States - 1912-1980

THORNTON DIAL

United States - 1928 - 2016

ANNE TYNG

United States - 1920-2011

JOHN FREDERICK MICHELL

Great Britain - 1933-2009

KEVIN J ATKINSON

South Africa - 1939-2007

JEFFREY METZNER

United States - 1941-2008